How Meningitis Causes Neck Pain and Stiffness
Stiff neck is most commonly due to damage to the bones, nerves, and/or muscles of the neck. However, stiff neck is also a symptom of meningitis (along with headache and fever). Neck stiffness may also develop as a reaction and result of muscle spasm in various conditions that cause neck pain, including traumatic injuries. While most stiff necks result from minor muscle strains or ligament sprains, a stiff neck caused by meningitis is a vastly different process that stems from a potentially life-threatening infection. This page examines why neck stiffness is present in some cases of meningitis. See Stiff Neck Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.
Meningococcal disease refers to any illness caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidisalso known as meningococcus [muh-ning-goh-KOK-us]. These illnesses are often severe and can be deadly. They include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord meningitis and bloodstream infections bacteremia or septicemia.
These bacteria spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit e. Doctors treat meningococcal disease with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important.
Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best defense against meningococcal disease. How to get cut in pokemon leafgreen factors, causes and spread to others, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and complications, prevention, photos Information on vaccines that protect against meningococcal disease, recommendations, safety information CDC's Bacterial Meningitis Laboratory and reference lab, laboratory methods for meningitis diagnosis CDC has new information for healthcare providers and public health staff to consider regarding treatmentprophylaxisand surveillance activities based on these findings.
Even if you received meningococcal vaccines, you could still get meningococcal disease. Learn more about this risk factor. Signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease usually start suddenly and what is qualitative and quantitative data fever, headache, and a stiff neck.
It can start with symptoms similar to influenza flu. Often people with meningococcal disease also have nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light, rash, and confusion. Learn more about signs and symptoms. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Meningococcal Disease. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages. Meningococcal Vaccination: What Everyone Should Know This page offers comprehensive information about meningococcal vaccines, including types and how well they work.
Meningococcal Vaccination: Information for Healthcare Professionals These webpages give vaccine recommendations and contraindications; composition, immunogenicity, and efficacy; storage and handling; and administration details.
Antibiotic-resistant Neisseria meningitidis Serogroup Y. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.
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A stiff neck is characterized by pain, soreness, and discomfort while attempting to turn the head in any direction. A common cause for stiff neck is a strained muscle in the back or side of the neck, which connects the neck’s cervical spine with the shoulder. May 06, · A muscle spasm in your neck can result in a stiff neck. Meningitis. Meningitis is a serious, potentially life-threatening infection of the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord. Meningitis Symptoms. Meningitis can be hard to recognise in the early stages. Symptoms can be similar to those of the common flu and can develop quickly, over a matter of hours. The main symptoms to look out for are fever, vomiting, headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, and drowsiness or .
While most stiff necks result from minor muscle strains or ligament sprains, a stiff neck caused by meningitis is a vastly different process that stems from a potentially life-threatening infection. This page examines why neck stiffness is present in some cases of meningitis. The meninges are the protective layers covering the brain and spinal cord.
The cranial meninges cover the brain and cushion it from the skull; the spinal meninges cover the spinal cord and protect it from direct contact with the cervical spine neck and thoracic spine chest. See Spinal Cord Anatomy in the Neck. In addition to protecting the brain and spinal cord, the meninges also help direct the flow of blood to the skull and brain, as well as transport cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal fluid is formed in the brain and flows freely through the cranial meninges and into the spinal meninges.
Most commonly in meningitis, the cerebrospinal fluid and its surrounding meninges—the arachnoid mater and pia mater—are infected and inflamed. While the dura mater may have little to no inflammation, its nerve fibers may become activated and contribute to neck pain and nuchal rigidity.
The meninges are protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Infected and inflammed meninges can cause neck pain and stiffness. To understand why meningitis can cause neck stiffness, it helps to think about how the meninges cover the brain and spinal cord, which runs through the neck and torso region but stops shy of the lower back.
Of these areas where the meninges run, only the neck is highly mobile. The thoracic spine is mostly stabilized by the ribs to protect internal organs.
If the meninges become inflamed and painful with movement, the reduction in movement will be most noticeable in the neck. These tests could include:. Multiple studies have found these clinical tests to be of little to no value in diagnosing meningitis, but they are still widely used today. Regardless of the results, meningitis cannot be ruled in or out based on these clinical tests alone.
Diagnostic lab results from the spinal tap are needed to make an official meningitis diagnosis. Treatment for a Stiff Neck. Neck Strains and Sprains Video. Neck Pain Causes Video. Stiff Neck Remedies Based on Cause. Stiff Neck Symptoms and Causes Animation. When Is a Stiff Neck Serious? You are here Conditions Neck Pain. By Stefano Sinicropi, MD. Peer Reviewed. See Spinal Cord Anatomy in the Neck In addition to protecting the brain and spinal cord, the meninges also help direct the flow of blood to the skull and brain, as well as transport cerebrospinal fluid.
Hoffman O, Joerg Weber R. Pathophysiology and treatment of bacterial meningitis. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. Jolt accentuation of headache and other clinical signs: poor predictors of meningitis in adults.
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