Your Guide to Preventing and Treating Blood Clots
Oct 13, · How can I prevent a blood clot? Improve blood flow in your legs when sitting for long periods of time, following bed rest, or when traveling for more than 4 hours by moving your legs as much as possible and exercising your calf muscles. Get up and walk around every 2–3 hours if you are able to and if space allows Do seated leg stretches. You can help prevent blood clots if you: Wear loose-fitting clothes, socks, or stockings. Raise your legs 6 inches above your heart from time to time. Wear special stockings (called compression stockings) if your doctor prescribes them.
Blood clots are a serious medical condition. It is important to know the signs and get treated right away. This guide describes ways to prevent and treat blood clots; symptoms; and medication side effects as well as when to go to the emergency room. U18 HS Blood clots also called deep vein thrombosis [throm-BO-sis] most often occur in people who can't move around well or who have had recent surgery or an injury.
Blood clots are serious. This guide tells about ways to prevent and treat blood clots. Figure 1 provides an illustration of a blood clot in the leg. It can mean doctor, nurse, physician's assistant, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, or other heath care professional. Blood clots can be dangerous. Blood clots that form in the veins in your legs, arms, and groin can break loose and move to other parts of your body, including your lungs. If this happens, your life can be in danger. Go to the emergency room or call If you have been told you have a blood clot, your doctor may give you medicine to treat it.
This type of medicine is called a blood thinner also called an anticoagulant [an-te-ko-AG-u-lent]. In most cases, your doctor will tell you to follow this treatment plan:. Blood thinners can cause side effects. Bleeding is the most common problem. Your doctor will watch you closely. If you notice something wrong that you think may be caused by your medication, call your doctor.
This figure is a drawing of a human body with the heart and what helps prevent blood clots shown in the abdominal area and down to the legs.
There is a large oval with an arrow pointing to a vein in the groin area. Within the oval is an illustration showing a close-up of a blood clot in the vein and the swelling in the area. Below the drawing is the text: how to spray paint brake calipers clots can form in any deep veins of the body. Most often they form in the legs, arms, or groin. This guide is based on a product developed by Ann Wittkowsky, Pharm.
Zierler, Ph. This document is in the public domain and may be used and reprinted without special permission. Citation of the source is appreciated. Content last reviewed August Browse Topics. Topics A-Z. Quality and Disparities Report Latest available findings on quality of and access to health care. Funding Opportunity Announcements. You may also get a blood clot if you: Have had recent surgery.
Are 65 or older. Take hormones, especially for birth control. Ask your doctor about this. Have had cancer or are being treated for it. Have broken a bone hip, pelvis, or leg. Have a bad bump or bruise. Are obese. Are confined to bed or a chair much of the time. Have had a stroke or are paralyzed.
Have a special port the doctor put in your body to give you medicine. Have varicose VAR-e-kos or bad veins. Have heart trouble. Have had a blood clot before. Have a family member who has had a blood clot.
Have taken a long trip more than an hour in a car, airplane, bus, or train. Are you at risk? Some people are more likely to get blood clots. Talk with your doctor to see if you are at risk.
Return to Contents Symptoms of a Blood Clot You may have a blood clot if you see or feel: New swelling how to scan on hp photosmart c3180 your arm or leg.
Skin redness. Soreness or pain in your arm or leg. A warm spot on your leg. If you think you have a blood clot, call your doctor or go to the emergency room right away!
A blood clot may have gone to your lungs if you suddenly have: A hard time breathing. Chest pain. A fast heartbeat. Fainting spells. A mild fever. A cough, with or without blood. Return to Contents Preventing Blood Clots You can help prevent blood clots if you: Wear loose-fitting clothes, socks, or stockings. Raise your legs 6 inches above your heart from time to time. Wear special stockings called compression stockings if your doctor prescribes them. Do exercises your doctor gives you. Change your position often, especially during a long trip.
Do not stand or sit for more than 1 hour at a time. Eat less salt. Try not to bump or hurt your legs and try not to cross them. Do not use pillows under your knees. Raise the bottom of your bed 4 to 6 inches with blocks or books.
Take all medicines the doctor prescribes you. Stay active! Staying active and moving around may help prevent blood clots. Return to Contents Treatment for Blood Clots If you have been told you have a blood clot, your doctor may give you medicine to treat it.
In most cases, your doctor will tell you to follow this treatment plan: For the first week you will receive medicine called heparin HEP-a-rin that works quickly. This medicine is injected under the skin. You will learn how to give yourself these shots, or a family member what is taking down notes friend may do it for you. After about a week of taking both the shots and the pills, you will stop taking the shots.
Are you bleeding too much? If you think you are bleeding too much, call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room. Tell them you are being treated for blood clots. Tell them the medicines you are taking.
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CURE 1: Foods
A number of supplements may assist the prevention of blood clots. However, before taking supplements to prevent blood clots, talk to your physician about your current state of health. A supplement that acts much like a blood thinner can prove dangerous for some and trigger erratic changes in circulatory system functions.
Anyone can be affected by a blood clot regardless of age, gender, or race. Learn about the signs and symptoms of a blood clot and what you can do to help prevent one. Blood clots are preventable, yet an estimated , Americans are affected each year, resulting in nearly , deaths. A blood clot in the deep vein also known as a deep vein thrombosis [DVT] typically occurs in the lower leg, thigh, pelvis, or arm.
When a DVT is left untreated, a part of the clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a blockage called a pulmonary embolism PE. A PE can be deadly by preventing blood from reaching the lungs.
Learn more about the risk factors. If you experience any of these signs or symptoms, alert your doctor as soon as possible. Seek medical treatment immediately when you experience any of these signs and symptoms.
If discovered early, a blood clot is treatable. She thought she might have bronchitis, so she went to see her doctor, who immediately referred her to the emergency department, where she had a chest CT scan. The scan showed that she had a saddle pulmonary embolism. This occurs when one or more blood clots straddle the junction where the main pulmonary artery, which supplies blood to the lungs, branches off into the right and left pulmonary arteries, causing right heart strain and, potentially, sudden death.
Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Venous Thromboembolism Blood Clots. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Prevent Blood Clots. Minus Related Pages. Learn how to protect yourself and your loved ones from a blood clot. Knowing the signs and symptoms can help you get treatment at the earliest signs of a blood clot. Learn more about WTD and how you can get involved external icon.
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