What causes a chronic cough?
What causes chronic cough? There are several medical conditions that are linked to chronic cough. These include respiratory conditions, such as: Asthma: This is the second most frequent cause of chronic cough. Shortness of breath and wheezing happen when you have asthma. These breathing difficulties can result in a chronic cough. Mar 30, · The most common causes of a chronic cough are: postnasal drip. asthma, especially cough-variant asthma, which causes a cough as the main symptom. acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) chronic bronchitis or other forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) infections, such.
Cauwes cough is usually defined as a cough that lasts more than eight weeks in adults and four weeks in children. Chronic cough is one of the most frequent reasons for visits to the doctor. Chronic cough isn't a disease itself. It's a health problem that results from other health conditions. Your throat is a very sensitive part of the body. The lining of your throat can sense touch, temperature, taste and position.
You can sense these cojgh even while you are breathing and eating. The main job of your throat is keeping your airway safe and what are some synthetic materials so you can breathe. A cough can be either voluntary or cyronic.
Coughing is one method our bodies use to keep us healthy, but a cough that lasts a long time can affect your life in many ways. Coughing can keep you up at night and make your days miserable from muscle pain and being tired. People who use tobacco, especially smokers, are at a high risk of developing chronic cough. The cough begins when your body tries to clear itself of the irritants that enter when you smoke. Other people at risk of developing chronic cough include those with certain conditions, including:.
There are several medical conditions that are linked to chronic cough. These include respiratory conditions, such as:. Other reasons for chronic cough include sinusitis what causes potassium to be high in body allergies.
Sinus problems and allergies, along with upper respiratory infections, produce post-nasal drip. Many people might worry about cancer if they have a chronic cough.
Finally, chronic cough is a well-known side effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors, a specific group of drugs used to treat high blood pressure.
These drugs may be used for other things, like preventing chrpnic damage if whta have diabetes. Some common ACE inhibitors are:. They'll probably be able to recommend a different medication. Chronic coughing can affect your life in negative ways that disrupt your daily routine.
The most obvious is that you can become extremely tired because you can't sleep insomnia. Coughing nonstop can also make your muscles hurt and break fhronic ribs. Diagnosing the cause of chronic cough can be difficult. This may be because many patients have more than one thing causing their cough.
Therefore, many types of tests are used to diagnose the causes. The other symptoms will help determine which tests are needed. For both adults and children, but especially for children, the answers to questions your healthcare provider asks will provide clues about the cause. They'll ask questions such as when the coughing started, what seems to trigger the cough, and questions about the nature of the cough like is it a dry cough or does it produce mucus.
The answers will suggest what kind of testing is needed. What will happen in my future horoscope tests help determine if bacteria are present a sign of an infection and are causing the cough.
The most common of these involve blood tests. Others might test mucus that you cough up. Lung function tests are tests that tell your healthcare provider how well your lungs are working. They are also called pulmonary function tests. These measure your breathing patterns what are the causes of chronic cough from inhaling to exhaling. Spirometry is how to repair led christmas tree lights type of lung function testing, while others are lung volume testing, gas diffusion studies and the six-minute walk test.
X-rays reveal the more common reasons for chronic cough, such as a build-up of fluids in the areas that help breathing, as well as lung diseases and lung cancer. All of the other imaging tests provide more detailed views of areas of the body that affect breathing.
Scoping studies are tests that use a scope. This is an instrument that combines a camera and a long tube. To find the reason for crhonic chronic cough, a scope is passed into certain areas of the body that might reveal a problem. For example, a scope can be passed:. Sometimes, the cause of chronic cough cannot be found, so the cough is said to be idiopathic.
This is the medical term used when a cause what are the causes of chronic cough unknown and stays that way. Your healthcare provider will discuss a treatment plan that will be based on your needs and the cause of the cough. Possible treatments include new or different medications. If you are having chronic cough due to ACE inhibitors, your doctor might prescribe a different type of medication for your high blood pressure. These drugs help reduce airway inflammation and wheezing.
For some conditions, like GERD, your provider might suggest a combination of non-drug treatments and prescription medications. Non-drug treatments include:. If the cause is post-nasal dripover-the-counter decongestants, such as diphenhydramine or pseudoephedrine, may help relieve symptoms. Antibiotics may be prescribed if the cause of the chronic cough is sinusitis. Voice therapy for coughing is called behavioral cauzes suppression therapy BCST. The therapy will start with education and by explaining cough hypersensitivity reflex — that some people just cough more easily because their body is more sensitive to things that make people cough.
Many people with UCC have triggers that make them cough like talking or laughing, environmental stimuli like sprays or aerosols, and even smaller changes in air temperature or the position of the body laying down or bending over bother these more sensitive people.
BCST teaches you how to control the urge to cough through various behavioral techniques. In therapy, you will learn how to cuses other things with the muscles you use for coughing. Those are the muscles that bring your vocal cords together, along with the muscles in your throat used for swallowing and breathing. Sometimes more holistic chronjc such as acupuncture can also be helpful.
If other treatments have failed and the chronic cough is severe, a cough suppressant such as codeine may be prescribed. Chronic cough is one that lasts longer than eight weeks in an adult and four weeks in a child.
If coughing is having a negative impact on your life, contact your healthcare provider to find a cause. Finding a cause will let you find a treatment, so you can go back to sleeping, eating, moving and feeling fough. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.
Chronic Cough If you're an adult with a cough that has lasted more than 2 months or if your child's what is a principal curtailment lasts more than 4 weeks, you should contact your healthcare provider to find out why.
Correct treatment of related diseases will let you get back to normal activities. What is chronic cough? What causes coughing? Who is most likely to experience chronic cough? Other people at risk of developing chronic cough include those with certain conditions, including: Asthma. Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD. Exposure to dust and chemicals, either through an occupation or what is spleen in human body. Obesityespecially in the stomach area.
Symptoms and Causes What causes chronic cough? These include respiratory conditions, such as: Asthma: This is the second most frequent cause of chronic cough. Shortness of breath and wheezing happen when you have how to buy a digital video camera. These breathing difficulties can result in a chronic cough.
There is also a form cougu asthma cough-variant asthma where chronic cough may be the only symptom. Bronchiectasis: This condition causes coughing because mucus builds up and lung tissue gets thicker. Bronchitis : This condition is a known cause of coughing due the swelling that happens in the bronchial tubes and the increase in mucus production. There are two types —chronic and acute. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD : COPD is actually a term that refers to a group wha respiratory issues that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Upper respiratory conditions like flupneumonia and colds : These infections are generally caused by viruses. Coughing is one symptom that tends to last after the others are through. The viruses attack the nose, the throat and the sinuses. What other symptoms might you have if you have a chronic cough? Some symptoms can be more common and less likely to be serious, such as: A runny or stuffy nose. Wheezing or shortness of breath. Sore throat or frequent throat clearing.
Other symptoms might be more serious, such as: Weight loss without any effort. Coughing up phlegm or blood. A hoarse voice that does not thf away. A drenching overnight sweat.
Do you have chronic cough symptoms?
Jul 18, · A chronic cough, defined by the National Institutes of Health as a cough that lasts more than eight weeks, has various possible causes. According to the American Lung Association, common causes Author: Claire Gillespie. Jan 23, · Some of the more common causes of chronic cough include: Asthma. Asthma occurs when a person’s upper airways are especially sensitive to cold air, irritants in the air, or lovedatingstory.com: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. Chronic cough is a persistent cough that lasts eight weeks or longer, on some or most days. While cough is a symptom of many lung diseases as well as some non-lung conditions, chronic cough often last much longer than eight weeks.
Coughing is a routine bodily function, but when it lasts for an extended time, it can get in the way of everyday life and be worrying. A chronic cough can be wet and produce phlegm or dry and tickle the throat. A chronic cough is when a cough lasts longer than 8 weeks in adults or 4 weeks in children. Common causes include asthma , allergies, gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD , or bronchitis. Less commonly, it can be a sign of a more severe condition, such as a heart cough or lung disease.
In this article, we take a close look at the causes and symptoms of a chronic cough, ways to treat it, and when to see a doctor. A variety of factors can cause a chronic cough. Sometimes, more than one factor may be responsible. A cough is typically the result of something that is irritating the airways causing the muscles in the chest and stomach to contract. The irritation also causes the glottis that covers the airways to open quickly, causing air to rush out.
The result is a cough. A dry cough is a non-productive one, meaning the cough does not produce mucus. People who smoke cigarettes and those who take ACE inhibitors tend to have a dry cough. A wet cough is one that produces mucus or sputum. This is the case when, for example, a person has postnasal drip or cystic fibrosis. A chronic cough can become a medical emergency. If a person experiences the following symptoms along with a chronic cough they should seek emergency treatment:.
Other symptoms that may mean a person needs to see their doctor include:. To make a diagnosis, a doctor will begin by asking the person when their symptom first appeared, what makes the symptoms better, and what makes them worse. Each of these tests, as well as a variety of other tests, can help a doctor identify the underlying causes of a chronic cough. Treatments for a chronic cough depend upon the underlying cause. If a doctor cannot determine the exact cause straight away, they might decide to treat the most common contributing factors for a chronic cough.
Postnasal drip is a common cause, so a doctor may recommend the person takes decongestants or antihistamines. These medications can help to dry up secretions and reduce inflammation that can lead to postnasal drip. Decongestant or nasal steroid sprays may also help.
Other treatments may be more specific to a particular underlying medical condition. For example, a person may be able to control their GERD through making lifestyle changes and taking medications that reduce the effects of acid on the stomach.
Examples of these changes can include:. Those who have a cough related to ACE inhibitors may wish to talk to their doctor. There are some medications that may be able to reduce high blood pressure without causing a cough. Unless side effects are serious, a person should not stop taking medication without first speaking to their doctor.
Smoking cigarettes can increase the risk of developing a chronic cough. The smoke can irritate the airways and lead to a chronic cough as well as lung damage. Exposure to chemicals in the air, such as from working in a factory or laboratory, can also lead to long-term coughing. Taking ACE inhibitors is a significant risk factor for coughing. A chronic cough can have the following additional effects:. Most cases of a chronic cough can be treated, typically with over-the-counter treatments.
However, sometimes a chronic cough can indicate a more serious cause that a doctor should evaluate. We will update it regularly as the pandemic continues. Pulmonary edema occurs when fluid collects in air sacs of the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. It can develop suddenly or gradually, and it is….
A person should seek medical advice about testing and potential treatment. Even when hiccups last for just a few minutes, they can be annoying. If they last for over 48 hours, they are known as chronic hiccups. Bronchopneumonia is pneumonia that affects the bronchi of the lungs, causing inflammation.
It often results from a bacterial infection, but viruses…. What causes a chronic cough? Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M. Causes Symptoms When to see a doctor Diagnosis Treatment Risk factors Complications Outlook Coughing is a routine bodily function, but when it lasts for an extended time, it can get in the way of everyday life and be worrying.
Share on Pinterest When an adult has a cough that persists for more than 8 weeks, it is considered a chronic cough. When to see a doctor. Risk factors. Mouse study reveals brain pathways linked to Parkinson's. Related Coverage. What is pulmonary edema? Medically reviewed by University of Illinois. Medically reviewed by Raj Dasgupta, MD.
Chronic hiccups and how to stop them. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. What is bronchopneumonia? Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD.
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