How to set default text in spinner in android

how to set default text in spinner in android

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Aug 29, †Ј This example demonstrates how do I make an android spinner with initial default text in android. Step 1 ? Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ? New Project and fill all required details to create a new project. Step 2 ? Add the following code to res/layout/ Step 3 ? Add the following code to src/ Add default text at adapter first or end position(in my case end) and set this item as default selection. Also get default selection position, So that no action will perform in setOnItemSelectedListener().

Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. I have records in the database. I am fetching those data using cursor and set those values to Spinner using Simple Cursor Adapter. Now what i need is i want to set one value say 39th value as default. But not by its position i want to set by its value. But i didn't have any idea about setting the spinner default how to find passwords for facebook on your computer its value text in the database.

I know the values in the database. For eg "books" is one of the value in the spinner. I need to set the spinner default as books. If you are setting the spinner values by arraylist or array you can set the spinner's selection by using the index of the value. Finally, i solved the problem by using following way, in which anrroid position of the spinner can be get by its string. Stack Overflow for Teams Ч Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group.

Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. How to set Spinner Default by its Value instead of Position? Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 11 months ago. Active 1 year, 3 months ago. Viewed k times. I know how to set the spinner default tet its position hkw. Is there any possible way to do this? Improve this question. It seems as if all you need is to fetch a value from the db. Andriod am I misunderstanding something? I fetched value from the database and set it adnroid spinner using simple cursor adapter.

Now the thing is i need to set one value of the spinner as default by its value not by its position. No, it still seems that you just have to get the value from db itself and set it with pinner. Add andfoid comment.

Active Oldest Votes. Improve this answer. Vinothkumar Arputharaj Vinothkumar Arputharaj 4, 4 4 gold badges 25 25 silver badges 36 36 bronze badges. Thanks for you answer. I know its possible using ArrayAdapter. Is the same possible by Simple Cursor Adapter?? Vino Yes, on the following answer: stackoverflow. This is the real answer. Svitlana Svitlana 2, 1 1 gold badge 26 26 silver badges 34 34 bronze badges.

Mr T Mr T 1, 13 13 silver badges 21 21 bronze defqult. You can do it easily like this. Shree Rajat Jain Rajat Jain 1. Sign up or log in Sign spinneg using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Epinner and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. How often do people actually copy and paste from Stack Overflow? Now we know. Podcast One in four visitors to Stack Overflow copies code.

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Android spinner set default text. Ask Question Asked 7 years, 4 months ago. Active 5 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 46k times 8. 1. I've implemented a spinner into my app. I'm showing a list of schools but I want a default value/prompt so the user knows to select a school. I also want to do this without having to have the prompt as a list item. Sep 29, †Ј This example demonstrates how to make an Android Spinner with initial default text using Kotlin. Step 1 ? Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ? New Project and fill all required details to create a new project. Step 2 ? Add the following code to res/layout/ Step 3 ? Add the following code to src/ Or the other way round, you can also set the customized default position of spinner,your way, using this snippet of code: ArrayAdapter spinnerAdap = (ArrayAdapter) lovedatingstory.compter (); int spinnerPosition = lovedatingstory.comition (theDefaultValue); lovedatingstory.comection (spinnerPosition); Share.

Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. I want to use a Spinner that initially when the user has not made a selection yet displays the text "Select One". When the user clicks the spinner, the list of items is displayed and the user selects one of the options. After the user has made a selection, the selected item is displayed in the Spinner instead of "Select One".

With this code, initially the item "One" is displayed. I could just add a new item "Select One" to the items, but then "Select One" would also be displayed in the dropdown list as first item, which is not what I want. Here's a general solution that overrides the Spinner view. It overrides setAdapter to set the initial position to -1, and proxies the supplied SpinnerAdapter to display the prompt string for position less than 0.

This has been tested on Android 1. Because this solution relies on reflection to call the private AdapterView. It seems likely that it will, but it is by no means guaranteed. Normally I wouldn't condone something like this, but this question has been asked enough times and it seems like a reasonable enough request that I thought I would post my solution. What you can do is decorate your SpinnerAdapter with one that presents a 'Select Option Here is a working example tested for Android 2.

Swap cursor on the wrapped cursorAdapter of course There is an Android bug that makes this a little tougher to re-use views. So you have to use the setTag or something else to ensure your convertView is correct. Spinner does not support multiple view types. This allows you to use a standard prompt or define your own 'nothing selected' as the first row, or both, or none. Note: Some themes show a DropDown for a Spinner instead of a dialog.

The Dropdown doesn't normally show the prompt. I ended up using a Button instead. While a Button is not a Spinner , the behavior is easy to customize. This will help create a better look when creating the alert dialog. First, you might be interested in the prompt attribute of the Spinner class.

I was going to suggest subclassing Spinner , where you could maintain two adapters internally. One adapter that has the "Select One" option, and the other real adapter with the actual options , then using the OnClickListener to switch the adapters before the choices dialog is shown. However, after trying implement that idea I've come to the conclusion you cannot receive OnClick events for the widget itself. You could wrap the spinner in a different view, intercept the clicks on the view, and then tell your CustomSpinner to switch the adapter, but seems like an awful hack.

Lots of answers here but I'm surprised no one suggested a simple solution: Place a TextView on top of the Spinner. There is no default API to set hint on Spinner.

To add it we need a small workaround with out that not safety reflection implementation. I got the same problem for spinner, with an empty selection, and I found a better solution. Have a look at this simple code. Now you have an empty spinner and you can write code to not open the dialog if empty.

Or they can press back. But you also populate it with a function or another list during run time. I have tried like the following. Take a button and give the click event to it. By changing the button background, it seems to be a spinner.

Take a look at the iosched app for a general purpose solution to adding an element to the top of a list. In particular, if you are using a CursorAdapter, look at TracksAdapter. Using the custom adapter you can set the text to "Select One" or whatever else you may want that top item to say.

I found many good solutions for this. The big problem for me was the spinner drop-down list will start from the bottom of the list. So user see the last items instead of the first items in case of have many items to show , after touch the spinner for the first time. You can add a default value in your list and then add all of your collection using list.

I think the easiest way is creating a dummy item on index 0 saying "select one" and then on saving maybe check that selection is not 0. Finally I obtained a font size configurable no first item selectable button spinner!!! Thanks to HRJ. Its basically an EditText with attached Spinner to show suggestions as you type - but, with the right config, it can behave exactly as the OP wishes and more. As for the adapter use the basic ArrayAdapter or extend it to make your own, but no additional customization on the adapter side is necessary.

Set the adapter on the AutoCompleteTextView. The first one supplies the View inserted into the Spinner itself; the second supplies the View in the drop-down list as the name suggests. You can override the getView I also solved this problem by using the following code. Suppose you are having a list of items e. Now we have to provide the strings to spinner because spinner can not understand the object.

Now we have itemStringArrayList array list with two string items. And we have to show the "Select Item" text as first item. So we have to insert an new string into the itemStringArrayList. Now we have an array list itemsArrayList and we want to show two elements in the drop down. But the condition here is If we don't select anything then Select Item should appear as first element which will not be enabled.

So we can implement this functionality like this. If you need to load the array list items into the android spinner. So you will have to use some adapter. So here i'll use the ArrayAdapter. We can use the customise adapter too. Here in this code. It's a simple text view. We need to disable the first text in the spinner. So for the position 0 we are disabling the text. And color also we can set by overiding getDropDownView method. So in this way we will get the expected spinner. I was facing the same problem yesterday and did not want to add a hidden item to the ArrayAdapter or use reflections, which works fine but is kind of dirty.

After reading many posts and trying around I found a solution by extending ArrayAdapter and Overriding the getView method. What Android does when initialising the Spinner, is calling getView for the selected item before calling getView for all items in T[] objects.

All the other times it calls super. To find out whether the user has selected a spinner item, or if the spinner still displays the initialText , call selectionMade and hand over the spinner the adapter is assigned to. I'd just use a RadioGroup with RadioButtons if you only have three choices, you can make them all unchecked at first. None of the previously submitted answers really worked the way I wanted to solve this issue.

To further complicate my particular situation, my spinner data is coming form a cursor that is loaded via the LoaderManager callbacks. I handle this by using a button instead of a Spinner. I have the sample project up on GitHub. In the project, i'm displaying both the Spinner and button to show that they indeed look identical. Except the button you can set the initial text to whatever you want. However, if you're using one of the legacy themes such as Theme.

Black, you're good to go. Seems a banal solution but I usually put simply a TextView in the front of the spinner. The whole Xml looks like this. Then I hide the TextView when an Item was selected. Obviously the background color of the TextView should be the same as the Spinner. Works on Android 4. Don't know on older versions. Because the Spinner calls setOnItemSelectedListener at the beginning, the hiding of the textview could be a little bit tricky, but can be done this way:.

First i take the names of the spinner and create the arrayadapter with a customize view, but it doesn't matter now, the key is override the getView, and inside change the values u need to change. In my case was only the first one, the rest i leave the original.

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