Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over other languages. Apr 21, · March 3 is "Girls' Day" in Japan, celebrated with a festival called "Hina Matsuri" (Doll Festival or Girls' Festival). The custom of displaying beautiful Hina dolls on this day in homes and public spaces dates back to the Edo Period (). Hina Matsuri is a celebration dedicated to girls, during which parents pray for the good health and happiness of their daughters.
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The primary observance on Hinamatsuri is laying out a set of dolls. This is generally thought to be good luck for the girls in the family. The dolls are laid out sometime in February before girls day on March 3rd. They are strictly taken down by the 4th at the latest. It's traditionally believed that leaving the dolls up past the 4th is bad luck that will lead to a late marriage for the girls in the family. Historically, hinamatsuri dolls were put on boats in rivers throughout Japan and sent out to sea each year.
This is known as Hina Nagashi or "Doll Floating. With time this seemed wasteful and people started keeping the dolls and carefully packing them away each year. Peach blossoms are traditionally used to decorate the house on Hina Matsuri. The blooming of peach trees in Japan often coincides well with the day. If you stay at a good ryokan in early March, you may notice peach blossom decorations. Chirashizushi is the meal most associated with Hina Matsuri. It's a dish of colorful ingredients such as vegetables, egg and seafood scattered on top of sushi rice.
It's easy to make, popular with kids and can be what is an easy way to break your ankle in bright colors that feel festive. Wagashi is a catch-all term girld traditional Bappy desserts. The dessert most associated with Hina Matsuri are diamond shaped, tricolored mochi known as Hishimochi. Other wagashi such as sakura mochi may also be served. Tsurushi Aay are decorations on a string that are hung from a ceiling for Hina Matsuri.
This tradition started in Shizuoka Prefecture but is increasingly common throughout Japan. The decorations include dolls and other symbols of Hina Matsuri. They are often made of thick Japanese silk and are cute. Girls are usually presented with gifts of candy on Hina Matsuri. The traditional snack is Arare.
Other candies are sold for the day that are usually small and fancy in light colors. If you're visiting Japan on Hinamatsuri, there's not much to do because it's sau family day. Nevertheless, there are daay few scattered events on Hinamatsuri at shrines throughout Japan.
Perhaps the most interesting is the display of thousands of traditional dolls at Tomisaki Shrine in Chiba. Schedule What is Hishimochi? Luck In Japan. Seven Lucky Gods Everyone's favorite lucky gods in Japan. Anko: Japan's Red Bean Obsession. What are Chochin Lanterns? Recently on Japan Talk. Japanese Culture Guide. They say much about Japan's world view and its culture. Japan Travel.
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After the adoption of the Gregorian calendar , these were fixed on 1 January , 3 March, 5 May , 7 July , and 9 September. These may be as simple as pictures or folded paper , or intricately carved three-dimensional dolls. Families normally ensure that girls have a set of the two main dolls before their first Hinamatsuri. The hinakazari spends most of the year in storage, and girls and their mothers begin setting up the display a few days before 3 March boys normally do not participate, as 5 May, now Children's Day was historically called "Boys' Day".
During Hinamatsuri and the preceding days, girls hold parties with their friends. Some locations, such as at the Nagashibina Doll Museum in Tottori City , still follow the lunisolar calendar instead of doing it on 3 March.
The actual placement order of the dolls from left to right varies according to family tradition and location, but the order of dolls per level is the same. The description that follows is for a complete set.
Hinamatsuri store display in Seattle, Washington featuring all 7 tiers. An Emperor doll with an Empress doll, in front of a gold screen. The optional lampstands are also partially visible. The words dairi means " imperial palace ".
Each holds a musical instrument except the singer, who holds a fan:   . There are ancient sets with seven or ten musicians, and at least one with female musicians. Both are sometimes equipped with bows and arrows. When representing the ministers, the Minister of the Right is depicted as a young person, while the Minister of the Left is older because that position was the more senior of the two.
Also, because the dolls are placed in positions relative to each other, the Minister of the Right will be on " stage right " the viewer's left and the Minister of the Left will be on the other side. On the sixth and seventh tiers, a variety of miniature furniture, tools, carriages, etc. These are items used within the palatial residence. These are items used when away from the palatial residence. The earliest record of displaying the dolls as part of the Peach Festival comes from , for Emperor Go-Mizunoo 's daughter Oki-ko.
Doll-makers began making elaborate dolls for the festival some growing as tall as 3 feet 1 meter high before laws were passed restricting their size and over time, the hinazakari evolved to include fifteen dolls and their accessories.
As dolls became more expensive, tiers were added to the hinadan so that the expensive ones could be placed out of the reach of young children. During the Meiji period as Japan began to modernize and the emperor was restored to power, Hinamatsuri was deprecated in favor of new holidays that focused on the emperor's supposed bond with the nation, but it was revived.
By focusing on marriage and families, it represented Japanese hopes and values, and as the dolls were said to represent the emperor and empress, it also fostered respect for the throne.
The holiday then spread to other countries via the Japanese diaspora , although it remains confined to immigrant Japanese communities and their descendants. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Japanese holiday. For the pop music group, see Girl's Day. For the manga series, see Hinamatsuri manga. Play media. Japan portal. Introduction to Japanese culture. Tuttle Publishing.
ISBN Hina matsuri. Nippon Communications Foundation. Retrieved 1 March The Japan Times. ISSN University of Florida. Stripes Okinawa. Stars and Stripes. Archived from the original on 25 November Gift-giving in Japan: cash, connections, cosmologies. Stanford University Press. JapanVisitor Japan Travel Guide. The Asahi Shimbun in Japanese.
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