# How to make a normal probability plot in minitab

Create a distribution plot of a single distribution

As part of the initial investigation, the scientist creates a probability plot to check for normality and to evaluate the distribution. Open the sample data, lovedatingstory.com Choose Graph > Probability Plot > Single. In Graph variables, enter 'Percent Fat'. Click OK. Sep 11,  · Visit lovedatingstory.com for more videos and hundreds of how to articles on elementary statistics.

Scientists who use the Hubble Space Telescope to explore the galaxy receive a stream of digitized images in the form binary code. In this state, the information is essentially worthless- these 1s and 0s must first be converted into pictures before the what is a steel shank boot can learn anything from them.

The same is true of statistical distributions and parameters that how to change volume id used to describe sample data. They offer important information, but the numbers can be meaningless without an illustration to help you interpret them. For instance, what does it mean if your data follow a gamma distribution with a scale of 8 and a shape of 7? If the distribution shifts to a shape of 10, is that good or bad?

And how would you explain all of this to an audience that is more interested in outcomes than in statistics? Here are a few examples. A building materials manufacturer develops a new process to increase the strength of its I-beams.

The output shows that the old process fit a gamma distribution with a scale of 8 and a shape of 7, whereas the new process has a shape of The manufacturer does not know what this change in the shape parameter means. Additionally, the right tail appears to be much thicker, which indicates many more unusually strong units. Perhaps these could lead to a premium line of products.

Therefore, the president is reluctant to approve the costly program. To illustrate this, she creates this plot to show that the differences are clustered much closer to zero and most are in the acceptable range. Now the president can see the improvement. The fabrication department of a farm equipment manufacturer counts the number of tractor chassis that are completed per hour. A Poisson distribution with a mean of 3.

However, the test lab prefers to use an analysis that requires a normal distribution and wants to know if it is appropriate. If the normal distribution does not approximate the Poisson distribution, then the test results are invalid. The distribution plot can easily compare the known distribution with a normal distribution.

You can easily create a probability distribution plot to visualize and to compare distributions and even to scrutinize an area of interest. For example, an analyst wants to interview customers who have customer satisfaction scores that are between and 1 The scores in the region of interest represent This somewhat small percentage suggests that the analyst may have to expend extra effort to find a sufficient number of qualified subjects.

Probability distribution plots provide valuable insight because they reveal the deeper meaning of your distributions. Use these graphs to highlight the effect of changing distributions and parameter values, to show where target values fall in a distribution, and to view the proportions that are associated with shaded areas.

These simple plots also clearly and easily communicate these advanced concepts to a non-statistical audience. Instead, use Minitab to illustrate what your data are telling you. Minitab Blog. Compare distributions The fabrication department of a farm equipment manufacturer counts the number of tractor chassis that are completed per hour. How to create probability distribution plots in Minitab You can easily create a probability distribution plot to visualize how to view gmail backup files to compare distributions and even to scrutinize an area of interest.

Click OK. From Distributionchoose Normal. In Meantype In Standard deviation, type Click the Shaded Area tab. Click Middle. In X value 1type In X value 2type Putting probability distribution plots to use Probability distribution plots provide valuable insight because they reveal the deeper meaning of your distributions. All rights reserved. By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics and personalized content in accordance with our Policy.

Interpret the results

Probability plots are a powerful tool to better understand your data. In this post, I intend to present the main principles of probability plots and focus on their visual interpretation using some real data. In probability plots, the data density distribution is transformed into a linear plot. To create a normal probability plot in Minitab, select Graph > Probability Plot > Single, specify the column of data to analyze, leave the distribution option to be normal, and then click OK. Here is a screenshot of the example result for our previous product_weight example: The normal distribution is a good fit if the data points approximately follow a straight line. For example, the following probability plot shows the pulse rates of test subjects as they walked on a treadmill. For a normal distribution with a mean and standard deviation equal to the data, you would expect 5% of the population to have a pulse rate of or less.

A scientist for a company that manufactures processed food wants to assess the percentage of fat in the company's bottled sauce. The scientist measures the percentage of fat in 20 random samples. As part of the initial investigation, the scientist creates a probability plot to check for normality and to evaluate the distribution. The data points are relatively close to the fitted normal distribution line the middle solid line of the graph. The p-value is greater than the significance level of 0.

Therefore, the scientist fails to reject the null hypothesis that the data follow a normal distribution. If you hold your pointer over the fitted distribution line of the graph in Minitab, a tooltip shows a table of percentiles and values. For information on how to specify different distributions and parameters, go to Fitted distribution lines.

Example of Probability Plot Learn more about Minitab Interpret the results The data points are relatively close to the fitted normal distribution line the middle solid line of the graph. Note For information on how to specify different distributions and parameters, go to Fitted distribution lines.

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